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2014新版人教版八年级下册英语单词

时间:2014-02-17 12:28:19   来源:    评论

八年级下册英语单词

UNIT 1
matter [?m?t?] v. 重要,要紧,有关系
What’s the matter? 怎么了?出什么事了?
sore [s?:(r)] adj. 疼痛的,酸痛的
have a cold 感冒
stomach ['st?m?k] n. 胃,腹部
stomachache ['st?m?ke?k] n. 胃痛,腹痛
have a stomachache 胃痛
foot(复数feet) [fu:t] n. 脚
neck [nek] n. 颈,脖子
throat [θr??t] n. 喉咙
fever ['fi:v?] n. 发烧,发热
lie [la?] v. 躺,平躺
lie down 躺下
rest [rest] n. 剩余部分,其余;放松,休息
cough [k?f] n. & v. 咳嗽
X-ray ['eksre?] n. X光,X射线
toothache [?tu:θe?k] n. 牙痛
take one's temperature 量体温
headache [?hede?k] n. 头痛
have a fever 发烧
break [bre?k] n. & v. 休息,暂停;打破
take breaks(take a break) 休息
hurt [h?:t] v. 伤害,损害,使受伤
passenger ['p?s?nd??] n. 乘客,旅客
off [?f] adv. prep. 离开(某处);从…去掉
get off 下车
to one's surprise 使…惊讶,出乎…意料
onto [??nt?] prep. 向,朝
trouble [?tr?bl] n. 麻烦,烦扰,问题
hit [hit] n. & v. 碰撞,打,打击
right away 立即,马上
get into 陷入,参与
herself [h?:?self] pron. 她自己,她本身(she的反身代词)
bandage ['b?nd?d?] n. & v. 绷带;用绷带包扎
sick [s?k] adj. 患病的,不适的
knee [ni:] n. 膝盖
nosebleed [?n??zbli:d] n. 鼻出血
breathe [bri:e] v. 呼吸
sunburned [?s?nb?:nd] adj. 晒伤的
ourselves [ɑ:?selvz] pron. 我们自己(we的反身代词)
climber [?kla?m?(r)] n. 登山者
be used to 习惯于… 适应于…
risk [r?sk] n. & v. 风险,危险;冒险
take risks(take a risk) 冒险
accident [??ksid?nt] n. 意外事件;事故
situation [?sitju?ei??n] n. 状况,形式,情况
kg=kilogram [?k?l?gr?m] n. 公斤,千克
rock [r?k] n. 岩石
run out (of) 用尽,耗尽
knife [naif] n. 刀,餐刀
cut off 切除
blood [bl?d] n. 血
mean [mi:n] v. 意味着,意思是,意欲
get out of 离开,从… 出来
importance [?m?p?:tns] n. 重要性
decision [d?'s??n] n. 决心,决定,抉择
control [k?n'tr??l] v. 控制,支配,操纵
be in control of 掌管,管理
spirit ['sp?r?t] n. 勇气,意志
death [deθ] n. 死亡
give up 放弃
nurse [n?:s] n. 护士
UNIT 2
clean up 打扫(清除)干净
cheer [t?i?] v. 欢呼
cheer up 变得更高兴,振奋起来
give out 分发,散发
volunteer [?v?l?n?ti?] n. & v. 志愿者;义务做
come up with 想出,提出
put off 推迟
sign [sa?n] n. 标记,符号,标牌
notice [?n??t?s] n. & v. 通知,公告;注意到
hand out 分发
call up 打电话给…某人,征召
used to 曾经…,过去…
lonely ['l??nl?] adj. 孤独的,寂寞的
care for 照顾,非常喜欢
several [?sevr?l] prep. 几个,数个,一些
strong [str??] adj. 强壮的,强烈的
feeling [?fi:l??] n. 感觉,感触
satisfaction [?s?t?s'f?k?n] n. 满足,满意
joy [d???] n. 高兴,愉快
owner [???n?(r)] n. 所有者,物主
try out 参加…选拔,试用
journey ['d??:n?] n. (尤指长途)旅行,行程
raise [re?z] v. 抬起,举起,筹集,征集
alone [??l?un] adv. 独自地,孤独地
repair [ri?p??] v. 修理,修补
fix [fiks] v. 修理,安装
fix up 修理,修补
give away 赠送,捐赠
take after (外貌或行为)像
broken ['br??k?n] adj. 破损的,残缺的
wheel [wi:l] n. & v. 轮子,车轮;旋转
letter [?let?] n. 信件,字母
Miss [m?s] n. 小姐
set up 建立,设立
disabled [dis?eib?ld] adj. 有残疾的,丧失能力的
make a difference 影响,有作用
blind [bla?nd] adj. 盲的,盲目的,失明的
deaf [def] adj. 聋的
imagine [??m?d??n] v. 想象,设想
difficulty ['d?f?k?lt?] n. 困难
open [???p?n] v. 打开
door [d?:] n. 门
carry ['k?r?] v. 携带,搬运
train [tre?n] v. 训练,培养
training [?tre?n??] n. 训练,培训
excited [?k?sa?t?d] adj. 激动的,兴奋的
kindness [?ka?ndn?s] n. 仁慈,善良,亲切,善意
clever [?klev?] adj. 聪明的,机灵的
understand [??nd??st?nd] v. 懂,理解
change [t?e?nd?] n. & v. 改变
interest ['?ntr?st] n. & v. 感兴趣;兴趣
sir [s?:(r)] n. 先生
madam ['m?d?m] n. 夫人,女士
UNIT 3
rubbish [?r?b??] n. 垃圾,废物
take out the rubbish 倒垃圾
fold [f??ld] v. 对折,折叠
mess [mes] n. 混乱,脏乱,食堂
throw [θr??] v. 扔,投掷
all the time 频繁,反复
neither [?ni:e?] pron.adv. 二者都不;也不
shirt [??:t] n. 运动衫,衬衫
as soon as 一…就…,尽快
pass [pɑ:s] v. 前行,经过,批准
borrow ['b?r??] v. 借,借用
lend [lend] v. 借给,借出
finger ['fi?g?(r)] n. 手指
hate [he?t] v. 憎恶,讨厌
chore [t??:(r)] n. 杂务,乏味的工作
while [wail] conj. 当...时候,而,然而
snack [sn?k] n. 小吃,点心,快餐
stress [stres] n. 精神压力,心理负担
waste [we?st] v. 浪费,消耗
in order to 目的是,为了
provide [pr?'vaid] v. 提供,供给,供应
anyway [?eniwei] adv. 无论如何,不管怎样,而且
depend [di?pend] v. 取决于,依靠,依赖
depend on 依靠于
develop [d??vel?p] v. 发展,壮大,开发,研制
independent [?indi?pend?nt] adj. 独立自主的,不受约束的
independence [??nd?'pend?ns] n. 独立
fair [f??] adj. 公平的,公正的
unfair [??n?fe?] adj. 不公平的,有偏见的
fairness [?fe?n?s] n. 公正性,合理性
since [s?ns] conj. 因为,既然
neighbor [?ne?b?] n. 邻居
take care of 照顾,处理
ill [?l] adj. 生病的,有病的
drop [dr?p] v. 落下,跌落
UNIT 4
allow [??la?] v. 允许,准许
wrong [r??] adj. 错误的
What's wrong? 哪儿不舒服?
midnight ['m?dna?t] n. 午夜,子夜
look through 浏览,快速查看
guess [ɡes] v. 猜测,估计
deal [di:l] v. 处理,应付
big deal 重要的事
work out 成功地发展,解决
get on with 和睦相处,关系良好
relation [r??le??n] n. 关系,联系,交往
communicate [k??mju:nikeit] v. 沟通,通信,通讯
communication [k??mju:n?'ke??n] n. 交流,沟通
argue ['ɑ:ɡju:] v. 争论,争吵
cloud [kla?d] n. 云
elder ['eld?(r)] adj. 年级较长的
instead [?n?sted] adv. 代替
whatever [w?t?ev?r] pron. 任何,不管什么,无论什么
nervous [?n?:v?s] adj. 紧张不安的
offer ['a:f?r] v. 提供,自愿给予
proper [?pr?p?] adj. 合适的,适当的
secondly [?sek?ndli] adv. 第二,其次
explain [?k?sple?n] v. 讲解,解释,说明
clear [kl??] adj. 清晰的,清楚易懂的
copy [?k?pi] v. 复制
return [r?'t?:n] v. 回来,返回,归还
anymore ['en?m?:] adv. 不再,再也不
member [?memb?] n. 成员,会员
pressure ['pre??(r)] n. 压力
compete [k?m'pi:t] v. 比赛,竞争
opinion [??p?nj?n] n. 意见,想法,看法
skill [sk?l] n. 技能,技巧
typical [?t?p?kl] adj. 典型的
football [?f?tb?:l] n. 足球
cut out 删去,删除
quick [kw?k] adj. 快的,迅速的
continue [k?n't?nju:] v. 继续,连续
compare [k?m'pe?] v. 比较
compare…with 比较,对比
crazy ['kre?z?] adj. 疯狂的,狂热的
development [di?vel?pm?nt] n. 发育,成长,发展
cause [k?:z] n. & v. 原因;造成,使发生
usual [?ju:?u?l] adj. 通常的,平常的
in one's opinion 依… 看
perhaps [p??h?ps] adv. 可能,大概,也许
UNIT 5
rainstorm [?re?nst?:m] n. 暴风雨
alarm [?'lɑ:m] n. 闹钟
go off (闹钟)发出响声
begin [b??g?n] v. 开始
heavily [?hev?li] adv. 在很大程度上,大量地
suddenly [?s?d?nli] adv. 突然地
pick up(=pick up the phone) 接电话
strange [stre?nd?] adj. 奇怪的,陌生的,奇特的
storm [st?:m] n. 暴风雨
wind [wa?nd] n. 风
light [la?t] n. & v. 电灯;点燃
report [ri?p?:t] v. 报导,报告
area ['e?r??] n. 范围,地域,地区
wood [w?d] n. 树木,木材,树木
window [?wind?u] n. 窗户
flashlight ['fl??la?t] n. 手电筒,火炬
match [m?t?] n. 火柴,比赛
beat [bi:t] v. 敲打,打败
against [??genst] prep. 反对,对…不利
asleep [??sli:p] adj. 睡着的,熟睡的
fall asleep 进入梦乡,睡着
die down 逐渐变弱,逐渐消失
rise [ra?z] v. 上升,升起
fallen ['f?:l?n] adj. 倒下的,落下的
apart [??pɑ:t] adv. 分离,分开
have a look 看一看
icy ['a?s?] adj. 覆盖着冰的,冰冷的
kid [k?d] n. & v. (口语)小孩;开玩笑,欺骗
realize ['ri:?la?z] v. 认识到,了解
make one's way 前往,费力地前进
passage ['p?s?d?] n. 章节,段落
pupil [?pju:pl] n. 学生
completely [k?m?pli:tli] adv. 彻底地,完全地
shocked [??kt] adj. 震惊的,震撼的
silence ['sa?l?ns] n. 寂静,沉默
in silence 沉默,无声
recently [?ri:sntli] adv. 不久前,近来,最近
take down 拆除,往下拽,记录
terrorist [?ter?r?st] n. 恐怖分子
date [de?t] n. 日期,日子
tower ['ta??(r)] n. 塔
at first 首先,最初
truth [tru:θ] n. 真相,真理,事实
UNIT 6
shoot [?u:t] v. 投篮,射击,发射
stone ['st??n] n. 石头
weak [wi:k] adj. 虚弱的,柔弱的
god [ɡ?d] n. 上帝,神
remind [r?'ma?nd] v. 提醒,使想起
bit [b?t] n. 一点,小块
a little bit 有点儿,稍微
silly ['s?l?] adj. & n. 愚昧的;傻子,蠢货
instead of 代替,反而
turn into 变成
object ['?bd??kt] n. 物体,目标,物品
hide [ha?d] v. 躲藏,隐藏
tail [teil] n. 尾巴
magic ['m?d??k] n. 魔法,巫术
stick [st?k] n. & v. 棍,棒;刺,戳,插
excite [?k'sa?t] v. 使激动,使兴奋
Western ['west?n] adj. 西方的,欧美的
once upon 从前
stepsister [?steps?st?(r)] n. 继姐(妹)
prince [pr?ns] n. 王子
fall in love 爱上,喜欢上
fit [f?t] v. 适合,合身
couple ['k?pl] n. (尤指)夫妻,两人
smile [sma?l] n.& v. 微笑
marry [?m?ri] v. 与某人结婚
get married 结婚
gold [ɡ??ld] n. 黄金,金币
emperor [?emp?r?] n. 皇帝
silk [s?lk] n. 丝绸
underwear [??nd?w??] n. 内衣
nobody [?n??b?di] pron. 无人,没有任何人,谁也不
stupid ['stju:p?d] adj. & n. 愚蠢的,傻的;傻子
cheat [t?i:t] v. 欺骗,愚弄
stepmother [?stepm?e?(r)] n. 继母
wife [wa?f] n. 妻子
husband ['h?zb?nd] n. 丈夫
whole [h?ul] adj. 全部的,整体的
scene [si:n] n. 舞台,(戏剧)场景
moonlight ['mu:nla?t] n. 月光
shine [?a?n] v. 照耀,发光
bright [bra?t] adj. & adv. 明亮的,发亮的;明亮地
ground [gra?nd] n. 地面
lead [li:d] n.& v. 领导,主角;带路
voice [v?is] n. 嗓音
brave [breiv] adj. 勇敢的
UNIT 7
square [skwe?(r)] n. 平方,正方形
meter [?mi:t?] n. 米
deep [di:p] adj. 深的
desert [?dez?t] n. 沙漠
population [?p?pju?lei??n] n. 人口(数量),全体居民
Asia ['e???] n. 亚洲
feel free (可以)随便(做某事)
tour [tu?] n. 旅行,观光
wall [w?:l] n. 墙
amazing [?'me?z??] adj. 令人惊异的
ancient [?e?n??nt] adj. 古代的,古老的
protect [pr??tekt] v. 保护
wide [wa?d] adj. 宽的,广阔的
as far as I know 就我所知
achieve [??t?i:v] v. 完成,实现
achievement [??t?i:vm?nt] n. 成就,成绩
southwestern [sa?θ'west?n] adj. 西南的,西南方向的
thick [θ?k] adj. 厚的,浓的
include [?n?klu:d] v. 包括,包含
freezing [?fri:z??] adj. 极冷的,冷冻的
condition [k?n?d??n] n. 条件,状况
take in 吸入,吞入
succeed [s?k'si:d] v. 成功,实现目标,完成
challenge ['t??l?nd???] n.& v. 挑战,考验
in the face of 面对(问题,困难)
force [f?:s] n. 力,力量
nature ['ne?t??(r)] n. 自然界,大自然
even though(=even if) 即使,虽然
ocean ['???n] n. 海洋
the Pacific Ocean 太平洋
cm(centimeter) ['sent??mi:t?] n. 厘米
weigh [wei] v. 称…重量
birth [b?:θ] n. 出生,诞生
at birth 出生时
up to 到达(某数量,程度),不多于
adult [ ??d?lt] n. 成年人
bamboo [b?m?bu:] n. 竹子
endangered [?n?de?nd??d] adj. 有危险的,濒临灭绝的,濒危的
research [r?'s?:t?] n.& v. 研究,调查
keeper [?ki:p?(r)] n. 饲养员,保管人
awake [?'we?k] adj. 醒着
excitement [?k?sa?tm?nt] n. 激动,兴奋
walk into 走路时撞到
fall over 绊倒
illness [??ln?s] n. 疾病,生病
remaining [r??me?n??] adj. 遗留的,剩余的
or so 大约
artwork [?ɑ:tw?:k] n. 艺术品,插图,图片
wild [wa?ld] adj. 野性的,野生的
government [?g?v?nm?nt] n. 政府
whale [we?l] n. 鲸
protection [pr?'tek?n] n. 保护,保卫
huge [hju:d?] adj. 巨大的,极多的
dynasty ['d?n?st?] n. 朝代,王朝
base [be?s] n. 基础,基地
UNIT 8
treasure ['tre??] n. 财宝,财富
island ['a?l?nd] n. 岛屿
full of 满是…的,(有)丰富的
classic ['kl?s?k] n. 经典著作,名著
page [pe?d?] n. (书或纸张的)页,面,张
hurry ['h?r?] v. 匆忙,赶快
hurry up 赶快,急忙(做某事)
due [dju:] adj. 预期的,到期的
ship [??p] n. 船
tool [tu:l] n. 工具
gun [ɡ?n] n. 炮,枪
mark [mɑ:k] n. & v. 分数,记号;作标记
sand [s?nd] n. 沙滩,沙
cannibal [?k?n?bl] n.& adj. 食人肉者;同类相残的,凶残的
towards [t??w?:dz] prep. 向着,朝着,对于,关于
land [l?nd] n. & v. 陆地,大地,国土;着陆
fiction [?f?k?n] n. 小说,虚构,编造
science fiction 科幻小说
technology [tek'n?l?d??] n. 科技,工艺
French [frent?] n.& adj. 法语,法国人(的)
pop [p?p] n. 流行音乐
rock [rɑk] n. 岩石,摇滚乐
band [b?nd] n. 乐队
country music 乡村音乐
forever [f?r'ev?(r)] adv. 永远
abroad [??br?:d] adv. 在国外,到国外
actually [??kt???li] adv. 真实地,实际上,说实在的
ever since 自从
fan [f?n] n. 乐趣
southern ['s?e?n] adj. 南方的
modern [?m?d?n] adj. 现代的,现代化的
success [s?k'ses] n. 成功
belong [bi?l??] v. 属于
one another 互相
laughter [?lɑ:ft?(r)] n. 笑,笑声
beauty [?bju:ti] n. 美丽,美好的事物
million [?milj?n] num. 百万
record ['rek?:d] n. & v. 记录,唱片;录制,录音
introduce [??ntr??dju:s] v. 介绍,传入,引进
line [lain] n. 排,队,列
UNIT 9
amusement [???mju:zm?nt] n. 娱乐,消遣,游戏
amusement park 游乐场
somewhere ['s?mwe?] adv. 某处,在某处
camera [?k?m?r?] n. 照相机
invention [?n?ven?n] n. 发明,创造
invent [in?vent] v. 发明,创造
unbelievable [??nb??li:v?bl] adj. 难以置信的,不真实的
progress ['pr??ɡres] n. 进步,进展
rapid ['r?p?d] adj. 迅速的,快速的
unusual [??n?ju:?u?l] adj. 特别的,不寻常的
toilet ['t??l?t] n. 坐便器,厕所
encourage [in?k?rid?] v. 鼓励,激励
social [?s?u??l] adj. 社会的
peaceful [?pi:sful] adj. 和平的,平静的
tea art 茶艺
performance [p?'f?:m?ns] n. 表演,演出
perfect ['p?:f?kt] adj. 完美的,理想的,完全的
tea set 茶具
itself [?t?self] pron. 它自己,它本身
collect [k??lekt] v. 收集
a couple of 一对,两个,几个
German [?d??:m?n] n. & adj. 德语,德国人(的)
theme [θi:m] n. 题目,主题,作文
ride [ra?d] n. & v. 骑,乘;(短途)旅程
province ['pr?v?ns] n. 省,省份
thousand [?θa?znd] num. 一千
thousands of 数以千计的,许许多多的
safe [se?f] adj. 安全的,保险的
simply [?simpli] adv. 仅仅,只,不过
fear [fi?] n. & v. 恐惧,害怕
whether [?wee?(r)] conj. 不管…还是,或者…或者,是否
Indian [??ndj?n] adj. 印度的,印度人的
Japanese [?d??p?'ni:z] n. adj. 日本人,日语;日本的
fox [f?ks] n. 狐狸
all year around 全年
equator [i?kweit?] n. 赤道
whenever [wen?ev?] conj. 无论何时
spring [spri?] n. 春天
mostly [?m?ustli] adv. 大多数地,主要地,通常
location [l???ke??n] n. 地点,位置
UNIT 10
yard [jɑ:d] n. 院子
sweet [swi:t] adj. & n. 甜的,糖果
memory ['mem?r?] n. 记忆,记忆力,回忆
cent [sent] n. 分,分币
toy [t??] n. 玩具
bear [b??] n. 熊
maker ['me?k?(r)] n. 生产者,制造者
bread maker 面包机
scarf [skɑ:f] n. 围巾,披巾,头巾
soft [s?ft] adj. 柔软的
soft toy 软体玩具,布绒玩具
check [t?ek] n. & v. 餐馆账单;检查
check out 察看,观察
board [b?:d] n. 板子,甲板
board game 棋类游戏
junior ['d?u:n??(r)] adj. 地位低下的
junior high school 初中
clear [kl??] adj. 清晰的,清澈的
clear out 清理,清除掉
bedroom [?bedru:m] n. 卧室
no longer 不再,不复
own [?un] adj. 属于自己的
railway [?re?lwe?] n. 铁路,铁道
part [pɑ:t] n. 部分,零部件
part with 放弃,交出
certain [?s?:tn] adj. 某一,确定的,无疑的
as for 至于,关于
honest [??n?st] adj. 诚实的,正直的
to be honest 说实在的
while [wail] conj. 当...时候,一段时间,一会儿
truthful [?tru:θfl] adj. 诚实的,真实的
hometown [?h??mta?n] n. 家乡,故乡
nowadays [?na??de?z] adv. 现今,现在,目前
search [s?:t?] v. 搜索,搜查
among [??m??] prep. 在其中…之一
crayon ['kre??n] n. 彩色铅笔
shame [?e?m] n. 羞耻
regard [r?'ɡɑ:d] n. & v. 致敬,问候;将…视为
count [kaunt] n. & v. 计算,计数;有价值
century ['sent??r?] n. 世纪,百年
according [?'k?:d??] adv. 依照,按照
opposite [??p?zit] prep. &adj. 在…对面,与…相对;对面的
especially [??spe??li] adv. 特别,尤其
childhood [?t?a?ldh?d] n. 孩童时期
consider [k?n?sid?] v. 仔细考虑,思考,注视,
close to 几乎,接近
hold [h?uld] v. 拥有,抓住

关键字:八年级下册英语单词

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